Brands

Absolute Sounds
AC and DC Acoustics
Accutronics
Adiva Technology
AERI
albs Alltronic
All Electronics Corp.
Alliance Audio
Allied Electronics
Alltronics
Alps Electric
Alto Fidelity
American science
American Trans-Coil
American Zettler
AMP
Angela Instruments
Antique Radio
ARP Electronics
ASC Capacitors
ASE-Audiotuning
Ask Jan First
Audio Kit
Audio Parts
Aussie Amplifiers
AV Connection
B.G. Micro
BavoDekker.com
BH Electronics
BI Technologies
Binding Post USA
Bocchino Audio
Bomar Connectors
Brill Electronics
Brim Electronics
BTB
Bud Industries
Buerklin
Bursma Electronics
C and H Sales Co
Caig Laboratories
Capacitors.com
Carls Electronics
Chokes Unlimited
Conrad Electronic
Creative Sound
Cryo
Crystal Semiconductor
CUI Inc
Dansk Audio Teknik
Display Electronics
DIY Cable.com
DIY Club
Dr. Feickert GbR
Electra Print Audio
Electro Junk
Electronics China
Electronix Express
ELFA
ELMA
ELNA America
Eltech
ESCO elettronica
Fair Radio Sales
Falcon Acoustics
FRD Consortium
Frits Meuris Elect.
Gabes Tubes n Stuff
Gateway Electronics
Giga
Glasshouse
Gold Point
Golden Sound
GR Research
H and R Enterprises
HB Elektronik
HB-Amp Design
Herbach and Rademan
HiFi Audio Sound
Kens Electronics
Lampy elektronowe
Layne Audio
Leeds Electronics
Linear Systems
LSV
Mablexporting
Madisound
Main Electronic Suppl.
Mainfunk Elektronik
Michael Percy Audio
Mouser Electronics
Moyers Electronics
National Semiconductor
Neutrik
New Sensor Corporation
Newark Corporation
Noteworthy Audio
NTE Electronics
Nu Horizons
Ocean State Electronics
Opamp Labs
Oppermann
Overkill Audio
Partridge Electronics
Parts ConneXion
Parts Express
PRB
RES
Rothwell Electronics
Round
Rubycon Corporation
SAC thailand
Shallco
Silver Sonic
Solen
Sonic Craft
Soriaudio
Speaker Vertrieb
Stark Electronic
Surplus Military
Technical Supplies
The Tube Store
Thel Audio Engineering
Tobias Jensen
Triode Electronics
Tube Audio Kits Com
V-Cap
Vacuum State
Vaic Valve
Vintage HiFi
Watt Gate
Weber Speakers
WES Components
Wilmslow Audio
Wima
World Designs
Xindak
Yi Wai

Introduction

On the top of this page you can find an overview of all brands that supply electronic parts.

An electronic component is any physical entity in an electronic system whose intention is to affect the electrons or their associated fields in a desired manner consistent with the intended function of the electronic system. Components are generally intended to be connected together, usually by being soldered to a printed circuit board (PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, or oscillator). Components may be packaged singly or in more complex groups as integrated circuits. Some common electronic components are capacitors, resistors, diodes, transistors, etc.

Advertisement

Types of circuits

Analog circuits

Most analog electronic appliances, such as radio receivers, are constructed from combinations of a few types of basic circuits. Analog circuits use a continuous range of voltage as opposed to discrete levels as in digital circuits. The number of different analog circuits so far devised is huge, especially because a 'circuit' can be defined as anything from a single component, to systems containing thousands of components. Analog circuits are sometimes called linear circuits although many non-linear effects are used in analog circuits such as mixers, modulators, etc. Good examples of analog circuits include vacuum tube and transistor amplifiers, operational amplifiers and oscillators.

Some analog circuitry these days may use digital or even microprocessor techniques to improve upon the basic performance of the circuit. This type of circuit is usually called "mixed signal." Sometimes it may be difficult to differentiate between analog and digital circuits as they have elements of both linear and non-linear operation. An example is the comparator which takes in a continuous range of voltage but puts out only one of two levels as in a digital circuit. Similarly, an overdriven transistor amplifier can take on the characteristics of a controlled switch having essentially two levels of output.

Digital circuits

Digital circuits are electric circuits based on a number of discrete voltage levels. Digital circuits are the most common physical representation of Boolean algebra and are the basis of all digital computers. To most engineers, the terms "digital circuit", "digital system" and "logic" are interchangeable in the context of digital circuits. Most digital circuits use two voltage levels labeled "Low"(0) and "High"(1). Often "Low" will be near zero volts and "High" will be at a higher level depending on the supply voltage in use. Ternary (with three states) logic has been studied, and some prototype computers made. Computers, electronic clocks, and programmable logic controllers (used to control industrial processes) are constructed of digital circuits. Digital Signal Processors are another example.

Building-blocks:

  • Logic gates
  • Adders
  • Binary Multipliers
  • Flip-Flops
  • Counters
  • Registers
  • Multiplexers
  • Schmitt triggers

Highly integrated devices:

  • Microprocessors
  • Microcontrollers
  • Application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC)
  • Digital signal processor (DSP)
  • Field-programmable gate array (FPGA)

Heat dissipation and thermal management

Heat generated by electronic circuitry must be disipated to prevent immediate failure and improve long term reliability. Techniques for heat disipation can include heatsinks and fans for air cooling, and other forms of computer cooling such as water cooling. These techniques use convection, conduction, and radiation of heat energy.

Noise

Noise is associated with all electronic circuits. Noise is defined as unwanted disturbances superposed on a useful signal that tend to obscure its information content. Noise is not the same as signal distortion caused by a circuit.

Electronics theory

Mathematical methods are integral to the study of electronics. To become proficient in electronics it is also necessary to become proficient in the mathematics of circuit analysis. Circuit analysis is the study of methods of solving generally linear systems for unknown variables such as the voltage at a certain node or the current though a certain branch of a network. A common analytical tool for this is the SPICE circuit simulator. Also important to electronics is the study and understanding of electromagnetic field theory.

Computer aided design (CAD)

Today's electronics engineers have the ability to design circuits using premanufactured building blocks such as power supplies, semiconductors (such as transistors), and integrated circuits. Electronic design automation software programs include schematic capture programs and printed circuit board design programs. Popular names in the EDA software world are NI Multisim, Cadence (ORCAD), Eagle PCB and Schematic, Mentor (PADS PCB and LOGIC Schematic), Altium (Protel), LabCentre Electronics (Proteus) and many others.

Construction methods

Many different methods of connecting components have been used over the years. For instance, early electronics often used point to point wiring with components attached to wooden breadboards to construct circuits. Cordwood construction and wire wraps were other methods used. Most modern day electronics now use printed circuit boards (made of FR4), and highly integrated circuits. Health and environmental concerns associated with electronics assembly have gained increased attention in recent years, especially for products destined to the European Union, with its Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE), which went into force in July 2006.

Questions and answers

Add question